Elmira is located at 38°20'53" North, 121°54'32" West (38.348056, -121.908889).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.54 mi2 (1.40 km2). 0.54 mi2 (1.40 km2) of it is land and none of the area is covered by water.
Elmira is located in the Pacific Standard Time (PST) timezone, GMT-08:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).