Gold River is located at 38°37'24" North, 121°14'52" West (38.623392, -121.247845).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.74 mi2 (7.09 km2). 2.66 mi2 (6.90 km2) of it is land and 0.07 mi2 (0.19 km2) of it is covered by water. The total area is 2.71% water.
Gold River is located in the Pacific Standard Time (PST) timezone, GMT-08:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).