Woodlake is located at 36°24'59" North, 119°5'58" West (36.416435, -119.099544).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.46 mi2 (6.37 km2). 1.98 mi2 (5.13 km2) of it is land and 0.48 mi2 (1.24 km2) of it is covered by water. The total area is 19.41% water.
Woodlake is located in the Pacific Standard Time (PST) timezone, GMT-08:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).