Erie is located at 40°2'59" North, 105°2'57" West (40.050000, -105.049444).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 9.54 mi2 (24.70 km2). 9.46 mi2 (24.49 km2) of it is land and 0.08 mi2 (0.21 km2) of it is covered by water. The total area is 0.84% water.
Erie is located in the Mountain Standard Time (MST) timezone, GMT-07:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).