Cairo is located at 37°0'19" North, 89°10'35" West (37.005278, -89.176389).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.13 mi2 (23.65 km2). 7.05 mi2 (18.26 km2) of it is land and 2.08 mi2 (5.39 km2) of it is covered by water. The total area is 22.79% water.
Cairo is located in the Central Standard Time (CST) timezone, GMT-06:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).