Godfrey is located at 38°57'28" North, 90°11'12" West (38.957778, -90.186667).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 36.17 mi2 (93.67 km2). 34.48 mi2 (89.31 km2) of it is land and 1.69 mi2 (4.37 km2) of it is covered by water. The total area is 4.66% water.
Godfrey is located in the Central Standard Time (CST) timezone, GMT-06:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).