Brockton is located at 42°4'59" North, 71°1'8" West (42.083056, -71.018889).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.59 mi2 (55.92 km2). 21.47 mi2 (55.60 km2) of it is land and 0.12 mi2 (0.32 km2) of it is covered by water. The total area is 0.58% water.
Brockton is located in the Eastern Standard Time (EST) timezone, GMT-05:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).