Algodones is located at 35°22'49" North, 106°28'42" West (35.380278, -106.478611).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.31 mi2 (18.94 km2). 7.21 mi2 (18.67 km2) of it is land and 0.10 mi2 (0.27 km2) of it is covered by water. The total area is 1.40% water.
Algodones is located in the Mountain Standard Time (MST) timezone, GMT-07:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).