Troy is located at 42°43'41" North, 73°41'31" West (42.728056, -73.692222).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.02 mi2 (28.53 km2). 10.41 mi2 (26.97 km2) of it is land and 0.60 mi2 (1.56 km2) of it is covered by water. The total area is 5.48% water.
Troy is located in the Eastern Standard Time (EST) timezone, GMT-05:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).