Burlington is located at 36°5'43" North, 79°26'17" West (36.095278, -79.438056).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.34 mi2 (55.28 km2). 21.28 mi2 (55.11 km2) of it is land and 0.06 mi2 (0.17 km2) of it is covered by water. The total area is 0.30% water.
Burlington is located in the Eastern Standard Time (EST) timezone, GMT-05:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).