Goose Creek is located at 32°58'50" North, 80°1'56" West (32.980833, -80.032500).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.47 mi2 (84.09 km2). 31.69 mi2 (82.08 km2) of it is land and 0.77 mi2 (2.00 km2) of it is covered by water. The total area is 2.38% water.
Goose Creek is located in the Eastern Standard Time (EST) timezone, GMT-05:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).