Mount Juliet is located at 36°12'0" North, 86°31'5" West (36.200000, -86.518333).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.58 mi2 (42.94 km2). 16.25 mi2 (42.08 km2) of it is land and 0.33 mi2 (0.86 km2) of it is covered by water. The total area is 2.01% water.
Mount Juliet is located in the Central Standard Time (CST) timezone, GMT-06:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).