Elberta is located at 39°57'10" North, 111°57'20" West (39.952778, -111.955556).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.89 mi2 (35.97 km2). 13.86 mi2 (35.89 km2) of it is land and 0.03 mi2 (0.08 km2) of it is covered by water. The total area is 0.21% water.
Elberta is located in the Mountain Standard Time (MST) timezone, GMT-07:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).