Markham is located at 46°54'46" North, 123°59'7" West (46.913041, -123.985296).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.12 mi2 (2.91 km2). 1.12 mi2 (2.91 km2) of it is land and none of the area is covered by water.
Markham is located in the Pacific Standard Time (PST) timezone, GMT-08:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).