Richland is located at 46°17'8" North, 119°16'59" West (46.285556, -119.283056).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.76 mi2 (97.80 km2). 34.82 mi2 (90.18 km2) of it is land and 2.94 mi2 (7.62 km2) of it is covered by water. The total area is 7.80% water.
Richland is located in the Pacific Standard Time (PST) timezone, GMT-08:00. It observes Daylight Saving Time (DST).